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Guest Speaker: Kalle Lyytinen

The European Blockchain Center is happy to have Kalle as a guest speaker.

Kalle Lyytinen (PhD, Computer Science, University of Jyväskylä; Dr. h.c. mult) is Distinguished University Professor at Case Western Reserve University. He is among the top five IS scholars in terms of his h-index (96) with the highest network centrality. He has published over 400 refereed articles and edited or written over 30 books or special issues and won several best paper awards from AoM, AIS/ICIS and other societies.

This talk clarifies why and how digital strategy differs from industrial strategy. The difference is more significant than replacing analogue information with digital information (digitising) across industrial organization with effects on strategy. I review the ontological status of digital objects and associated conditions for strategy formulation including semiotic quality of digital objects and von Neumann architecture to identify three pronged processes of embedding composing of digital strategy- a process of interlacing elements of one activity/innovation domain to that of another. The three types of embedding necessary for any digital strategy are defined: operational embedding (digital object-computer), virtual embedding (real world phenomena-digital objects) and contextual embedding (performing digital objects in social setting). Each embedding operates relatively autonomously and its conditions for success are  distinct. Each embedding constitutes a unique ‘leverage point’ for  innovation and strategy change. During strategy formulation, embedding processes interact in a dynamic ways, while industrial strategy assumes a static virtual and contextual embedding. Thereby the phases and processes that underlie digital strategy differ and follow differential logics. In digital strategy  the main points for strategy change are 1) discover product or service behavior (ideation); 2) abstract to digital objects (virtualize); 3) Implement and replicate digital objects (configure novel variations of operational/contextual embedding); and 4) deliver product and/or behavior (perform digital object involving all 3 embeddings)  form the leverage points for strategy. .

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